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USDA Idaho Hay                                     12/13 11:30
ML_GR312                
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Dec 6, 2019    USDA Market News    

Idaho Weekly Hay Report

Tons:  7100    Last Week:  Holiday    Last Year:  2885   

   Compared to two weeks ago Friday, Fair/Good Alfalfa steady to firm. Trade 
moderate for good demand for feeder type hay as more winter weather approaches. 
Dairies report ample supplies for the mean time relying on haylage and silage. 
Supplies of Alfalfa remain in firm hands. Retail/Feed store not tested this 
week. 
Prices are dollars per ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated.  
 
                     Tons      Price    Wt. Avg    Comments
  Alfalfa                                                        
    Mid Square                                                   
      Supreme        1000 150.00-150.00 150.00     Tarped        
      Good           3500 145.00-145.00 145.00     Tarped        
      Fair/Good      1400 125.00-125.00 125.00     Rain Damage   
                     1200 130.00-130.00 130.00     Tarped        

    Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not         
More than 10% grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale         
Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect             
Feeding value.                                                               
                                                                             
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%           
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22             
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22            
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20            
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18            
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16             
                                                                             
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the      
Western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter. End usage may influence hay price 
or 
value more than testing results. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.

Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         Leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         Grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         A high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         And early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         Free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         Grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         Coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         Or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         Could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         Weed content or mold.
                                      
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR312.txt
        http://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news/livestock-poultry-grain
        greg.sanders2@usda.gov

0900p    gds rlc

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