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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       10/18 11:10
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Oct 18, 2019    USDA Market News       

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  7250    Last Week:  3460    Last Year:  6130    

   Compared to last Friday, all grades of export Alfalfa steady. Trade moderate 
this week. Demand remains good from exporters and Dairies. Feed store/retail 
steady. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless 

                             Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                              
      Premium/Supreme        1300 200.00-230.00 206.92 Del                  
      Premium                 300 207.00-208.00 207.50     Export           
      Good/Premium           1000 205.00-205.00 205.00 Del Export           
      Good                   1600 190.00-200.00 192.44     Export           
                              600 200.00-200.00 200.00     Tarped           
      Fair/Good              1000 200.00-200.00 200.00     Tarped           

  Alfalfa/Orchard Mix                                                       
    Small Square                                                            
      Premium                 100 230.00-230.00 230.00     Retail/Stable    

  Orchard Grass                                                             
    Mid Square                                                              
      Premium                 150 172.00-172.00 172.00     Export           
                              100 180.00-180.00 180.00     Retail/Stable    

  Orchard Grass                                                             
    Small Square                                                            
      Premium                 200 230.00-230.00 230.00     Retail/Stable    

  Timothy Grass                                                             
    Mid Square                                                              
      Fair/Good               400 150.00-150.00 150.00     Weedy            

  Wheat Straw                                                               
    Mid Square                                                              
      Fair                    500 108.00-108.00 108.00 Del                  

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                     
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%         
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22           
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22          
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20          
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18          
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16           
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the    
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
0900p   gds   rlc

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