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USDA Southeast Weekly Hay                          10/17 09:05
Montgomery, AL    Thu Oct 17, 2019   USDA - AL Dept of Ag Market News           

Alabama Weekly Hay Report                                                      
   Compared to last week: Hay prices fully steady. Trade moderate with 
moderate supply and good demand. All prices are FOB unless otherwise 

Tons:  451    Last Week:  573    Last Year:  429                               

Southeast Hay:                                                                 
                             Tons        Price Range        Wtd Avg             

    Mid Round                                                                  
      Good                    114        80.00-80.00         80.00              

  Bermuda Grass                                                                
    Small Square                                                               
      Premium                 207       180.00-300.00       219.76              

  Bermuda Grass                                                                
    Large Round                                                                
      Premium                  11       133.33-133.33       133.33              

  Bermuda Grass                                                                
    Mid Round                                                                  
      Premium                 100        90.00-130.00       106.10              
      Good                      7        90.00-90.00         90.00              

  Bahia Grass                                                                  
    Small Square                                                               
      Premium                   1       240.00-240.00       240.00              
      Fair                      6       160.00-160.00       160.00              

  Bahia Grass                                                                  
    Mid Round                                                                  
      Premium                   3       100.00-100.00       100.00              

  Wheat Straw                                                                  
    Small Square                                                               
      Fair                      3       200.00-200.00       200.00              

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)
Quality      ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%  **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% 
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
          Quality           Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.

Source: USDA-AL Dept of Ag Market News Service, Montgomery, AL
        David Garcia, OIC / Office 334-223-7488
        Johnny Young, Market Reporter.                      
        For more information contact: montgomery.lgmn@ams.usda.gov  

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