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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       12/13 11:30
ML_GR310                  
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Dec 6, 2019    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  3800    Last Week:  Holiday    Last Year:  11,350  

   Compared to two weeks ago Friday, Export Alfalfa and Timothy not reported 
this 
week. Domestic Alfalfa and Timothy steady in a light test. Trade slow with 
moderate 
demand. Feed store/retail not tested. Most interests have sold out and are busy 
shipping previously sold supplies. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the 
farm 
or ranch unless otherwise stated. Delivered prices include freight, commissions 
and 
other expenses. 

                       Tons      Price    Wt. Avg    Comments
  Alfalfa                                                             
    Mid Square                                                        
      Supreme           400 225.00-225.00 225.00     Very High Testing
      Good/Premium      300 205.00-205.00 205.00 Del Tarped           
      Fair              100 185.00-185.00 185.00 Del                  

  Timothy Grass                                                       
    Mid Square                                                        
      Fair             1500 110.00-110.00 110.00 Del Rain Damage      

  Corn Stover/Stalks                                                  
    Mid Square                                                        
      Fair             1500   90.00-90.00  90.00 Del                 

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
10% 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                  
                                                                             
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%           
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22             
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22            
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20            
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18            
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16             
                                                                             
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the      
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
 
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
                                      
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR310.txt
        http://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news/livestock-poultry-grain
        greg.sanders2@usda.gov
                                      
0900p   gds    rlc

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