USDA Texas Hay 07/19 09:20
Amarillo, TX Fri Jul 19, 2019 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last report: Most hay classes sold steady; Alfalfa sold
steady to instances 5.00 higher depending on quality. Movement remained
light to moderate. The panhandle has turned off hot and dry with
temperatures reaching the triple digit mark all week. North, Central,
and East regions were still cutting and baling. Despite the delayed
production season for Coastal Bermuda, they should still be able to get
several cuttings. Several reports of damage to Bermuda grass from
grasshoppers and army worms; cattle remain in good condition out on
pasture. Prices for hay and pellets quoted per ton except where noted.
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 250.00-
260.00; Good to Premium: 240.00-250.00; rained on 200.00.
Small bales: Delivered: Premium: 272.00, 8.25 per bale.
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 190.00-205.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Good to Premium: 130.00-
Wheat: Large Bales: Delivered: Beardless 145.00-200.00. Bearded
125.00 Rained on 95.00-115.00.
CRP: Large Bales: Delivered: 85.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme
290.00-330.00, 8.75-11.00 per bale.
Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 260.00-275.00; Good to
North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 255.00-
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 297.00-330.00,
9.00-10.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per
roll; Fair to Good 90.00-120.00, 45.00-60.00 per bale.
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 264.00-297.00,
8.00-9.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-264.00 5.00-8.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 100.00-
140.00, 50.00-70.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is
excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high
nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of
damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay
may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed
content or mold. Defects will be identified in market reports when using
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
Lana Hutto, Market Reporter 806-356-5785
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